Antique Max Neiger Enamelled Amethyst Paste Brooch
-1910s-1920s, Bohemia Czechoslovakia
From one of the most famous Czechoslovakian Houses of costume jewelry during the Art Deco era, this early classic Max Neiger brooch boasts layers of gilded stamped brass backing with openwork, rows of crystal stones in amethyst and emerald green, and striking black and white enamel. The style leans towards Austro Hungarian, with Art Nouveau elements. Fastens with a C clasp.
The company was formed in the 1900s in a basement in Gablonz, Bohemia (later Czechoslovakia) by the Jewish brothers, Norbert and Max Neiger, with Norbert running the business and Max creating the designs. Their business grew rapidly due to their high quality, beautiful designs, which were in high demand in both America as well as Europe. By the 1920s, the company grew to include as many as 26 artisans. Neiger jewelry is characterized by pairing lovely Czech crystal with stunningly detailed metal parts, often influenced by exotic themes such as Chinoiserie and Egyptian revival. The company came to a tragic end during WWII as both brothers were sent to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland, and perished during the Holocaust.